Fulani Tribe in Mali



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Origin The Fula Kita (also known as the Fula Maasina) are located predominantly in the Maasina region of Mali. However, there are other smaller communities of Fula Kita in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoir

Fulani Tribe in Mali Description

Origin

The Fula Kita (also known as the Fula Maasina) are located predominantly in the Maasina region of Mali. However, there are other smaller communities of Fula Kita in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire. The language spoken by these Fulani people is called Peul, or Fuladougou. Peul, which is a part of the West Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo language family, has two dialects: eastern and western.

Culture and their life

Although Fula Kita villages are scattered, each village has a central court and a mosque. Together, these compose a miside, or community. Each miside has a headman who handles village affairs and answers to a chief.

Houses belonging to the settled Fula Kita are typically round with mud walls and thatched roofs. Each hut has an encircling veranda. The nomadic Fula Kita live in open, beehive-shaped huts with no walls or verandas. Each hut is surrounded by a cattle corral

The first marriage of a man is usually arranged by the man’s father. A bride-service of helping the girl’s father with his livestock is performed by the man, who usually marries while he is in his early twenties. Polygyny (the practice of having more than one wife) is common, up to the Muslim limit of four wives. There is one chief wife, however, who has authority over the other wives.

The Fula Kita make a living mainly from farming and raising cattle.

Their Belief based on their origin

The Fula Kita in Mali are almost completely Muslim. As such, they follow the teachings of the Koran, Islam’s holy book. They believe that Allah is the only God and that Mohammed is his prophet. To teach their children the Muslim faith, some of the Fula Kita villages have established Islamic schools.

Location and Size

Fulani, also called Peul or Fulbe, a primarily Muslim people scattered throughout many parts of West Africa, from Lake Chad, in the east, to the Atlantic coast. They are concentrated principally in Mali and other West Africa Countries like Nigeria, Guinea, Cameroon, Senegal, and Niger. The Fulani language, known as Fula, is classified within the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo language family.


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